Siuslaw National Forest

Coast Douglas-fir
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On the Oregon Coast lies a diverse region called the Siuslaw National Forest, extending in the north-south direction from Coos to Tillamook Counties and in the east-west direction from the Willamette River to the Pacific Ocean. The Siuslaw National Forest contains 630,000 acres and is home to a vast range of ecosystems.

The main forest can be found in the Oregon Coast Range, which extends from California’s north central region north to the Columbia River.

There are four rivers that flow out of this national forest on their way to the Pacific Ocean. They are the Siuslaw River, the Alsea River, the Nestucca River, and the Umpqua River. Salmon and steelhead trout are both anadromous fish, meaning that they are born in the small streams of the national forest, travel to the Pacific Ocean to live out most of their lives, and then return to fresh water to spawn.

Due to the mild temperatures during the winter months and the ample rainfall, the Siuslaw National Forest supports a wide variety of plant species. The evergreen trees are divided into two distinct zones; one for the Western hemlock and the other for the Sitka spruce. The Western hemlock zone also supports Douglas fir. (In fact, Western hemlock usually grow in the shade of Douglas fir.) Sitka spruce is a hardy species, so can be found in areas that are exposed to the dense fog and wind which discourage many other types of vegetation close to the Pacific Ocean.

Per year, the Siuslaw National Forest gets an average of a hundred inches of rainfall in some places. During the winter months, the temperatures in the Siuslaw Forest range from 30 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit, so there is not always snow. In the summer, the warmest temperatures can be found deep within the internal areas of the forest, while the temperatures along the outer edges and nearest the coast are much cooler. Hiking and camping are popular pastimes in the forest, and there are over forty developed campgrounds.

Siuslaw National Forest is considered one of the few paradises that are left untouched.

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